cnc wood carving

What You Need to Know About CNC Wood Carving

cnc wood carving

CNC wood carving is a great way to enhance your woodworking skills. It requires only a few bits and some know-how, making it an affordable and rewarding project.

Iranian artisans are highly skilled in wood carving, which is a delicate handicraft and a combination of patience. They create artistic and valuable consumer goods from cheap initial materials such as palaces doors, boxes over graves, raised structures for preaching in mosques, etc.

Design Software

CNC technology has changed the manufacturing industry and woodworking is no exception. The machine makes cutting and engraving possible with less effort and more accuracy than traditional manual methods.

CAD software is used to design the woodworking project and CAM software turns the design into G code that can be understood by a CNC machine. The CAM software then processes and transmits the G code signal to make the CNC router spindle move along the desired path.

There are several different types of CAM software, including free and paid options. Some are browser-based, while others require a computer with a parallel port.

MeshCAM is an advanced CAM software that works on Windows and Mac computers. It can import 3D designs and files in STL and DFX formats to generate G-codes for those files.

The software is easy to use and minimizes the learning curve for beginners and traditional woodworkers who are switching to CNC machining. It also comes with a user community where you can get help if you have any questions.

Feed Rates

The feed rate used in cnc wood carving depends on several factors, including the material you are working with, the type of cutter, and how it cuts. This is important because it determines the amount of material that will be removed in one revolution, and the speed at which the cutter can move.

The machinist will use the feed rate to calculate the cutting speed, which is measured in inches per minute (ipm) or millimeters per minute (mpm). Feed rates are also affected by chip load, which is how much material each tooth can remove.

The higher the feed rate, the more material the tool can remove in one revolution. This allows the tool to cut faster, which increases productivity. However, it can lead to a higher cutting temperature, which will decrease the tool’s life. It can also increase the risk of manufacturing defects called chip thinning. This occurs when the cut width is less than half a diameter, which may result in chips being broken during the cutting process.


The knots in wood can be a challenge for woodworkers and CNC makers. They are not only difficult to mill but also make the project more expensive.

Knots appear as dark, dense circular or oval spots that disrupt the straight grain of a wood. They are formed when tree branches intersect with the trunk, interrupting the grain pattern and causing it to flow around them.

If you are using a knotted wood, you should use reduced carving parameters to prevent shock loading to the machine. Additionally, you should design your tool path to avoid knots.

Moreover, you should avoid cutting through knots when water jet cutting wood. This is because the water can cause the wood grains to fly around and can damage your workpiece.

Softwoods are the most common type of wood used for projects by makers and hobbyists because they cost less than hardwoods and are easy to mill on a CNC router. However, some softwoods are as hard as hardwoods, so you should consider the hardness of the wood before choosing your material.

Spindle Speeds

The spindle you use for cnc wood carving has a big impact on the accuracy, efficiency and power of your machine. That’s why it’s crucial to know enough about them so you can choose the best one for your specific projects.

A CNC spindle is a device that holds and spins your cutting tool, allowing you to carve or engrave materials using a computer numerical control (CNC) router. There are several different types of CNC spindles on the market, ranging from cartridge spindles to self-contained units.

Spindle speeds are determined by material and the type of bit you’re using. They are typically determined by the hardness of the material and the recommended cut settings provided by your bit manufacturer.

The spindle speed is also influenced by the feed rate and depth per pass, which are also affected by the cutting speed assigned to your bit by your CNC software. You can find these settings in Easel by selecting the bit from the material drop-down menu and then selecting Feeds & Speeds from the Tool Setup menu.