Using a CNC Wood Lathe to Make Table Legs

CNC lathes are rapidly replacing traditional production lathes due to their ease of setting, operation, repeatability and accuracy.

A cnc wood lathe is a special power tool developed through computer numerical control technology and mechanical technologies to process complex rotary or semi-finished wood projects.


Using a CNC wood lathe to make furniture components, such as table legs, can offer a high level of precision and reliability, at a low cost. This is because the rotation of the wood is programmed, allowing for automatic tool edges and feed speeds.

In terms of material choice, a range of commercially produced hardwoods and fine grain softwoods are readily available for machining on a CNC lathe. Figured and spalted maple, walnut, cherry, box elder, rosewood, pacific madrone, sycamore and oak are some of the best choices for aesthetic quality CNC machining outcomes.

CNC wood lathes are typically equipped with either a benchtop or centre lathe type bed and spindle. Both of these systems allow for a large range of part sizes and shape to be machined in one work cycle.


A cnc wood lathe produces the desired surface finish by rotating the workpiece at a certain speed. This optimal turning speed depends on the type of material and the feed rate.

For example, a high spindle speed is advised for rough cuts to produce good surface finish while a lower speed is recommended for finer machining operations. Moreover, the type of cutting tool used also affects the optimal turning speed.

Another important factor is the depth of cut. When a deep cut is performed on the lathe, the impact load is higher. This can cause damage to the workpiece and the cutting tool.

For a lathe to operate safely, it must be adjusted within the safe RPM range of 6000-9000. A higher RPM can dislodge the workpiece and cause injuries to the operator.


Accuracy is a big factor in the performance of any machine. There are several factors that can contribute to the accuracy of a tool, including accurate measurement of length, dust and other contaminants, and the quality of the measuring tools used.

CNC wood lathes have the ability to produce parts with extremely precise accuracy, which is especially important when designing prototypes or manufacturing a large number of repeat parts. However, they may not be suitable for a hobbyist or small business, as they are more expensive than manual lathes and require more skill to use them.

CNC lathes are also known as computer numerical control (CNC) machines, and they can be operated by a machine operator or a computer programmer. These operators must be familiar with CAD and CAM software to set up the machine and write G-code programs for machining operations.


A lathe is a machine that rotates a workpiece while exposing it to a stationary cutting tool. They are used to turn, sand, drill, and cut wood, as well as a variety of other materials.

A CNC lathe is a type of lathe that uses computer-controlled servomechanisms to control the rates of movement. They are used by the consumer goods, manufacturing and industrial equipment industries to produce a wide range of products that require precision and consistency.

The efficiency of cnc wood lathes can be measured in several ways. One way is by the capacity of the work that they can hold.

Large lathes have the capacity to hold large amounts of work at a time. This is determined by the distance between the headstock and tailstock, called the swing.