woodworking jigs

Types of Woodworking Jigs

woodworking jigs

There are many different types of jigs that can be used in woodworking. Some are basic and some are more complex, but all of them can be a great tool for your shop.

Jigs are on-the-spot devices that make your work either safer, faster, easier or more accurate. They’re also a fun way to take your skills to the next level.

The Basics

Woodworking jigs are an essential tool for woodworkers to make the most of their skills. They help ensure that cuts are straight, holes are plumb and parts are square – among other things.

There are many different types of jigs used by woodworkers, some of which include table saw jigs, router jigs, dovetail jigs and mortise and tenon jigs. Each of these jigs has its own purpose and helps to achieve specific results in a faster, more efficient way.

For example, a kerf jig is a simple, yet effective jig that makes it easy to make long, perfectly straight cuts on a jigsaw. It consists of a short strip of wood, slightly thinner than the width of the rip cut, attached to the end of a 1×6.

Similarly, a dowel jig is a handy tool that allows you to easily drill round holes in wood dowels. It also self-centers the holes so that they are in the proper depth, preventing any unnecessary stress on your fingers while drilling them.


Woodworking jigs are a common tool in most shops, and they can be used for a variety of different woodworking applications. They come in many variations, and some are even designed specifically for a particular type of cutting job.

Drill jigs are used to center and guide a hand drill or other boring tool so that it will drill a straight, centered hole into wood or other building material. They also allow the woodworker to control not only the depth of the hole but also the angle of insertion.

Miter jigs are also fairly common, and they allow the woodworker to make angled cuts to the wood. They are essential tools for making joints that fit together perfectly and have straight, even seams.

Another popular jig is a dowel jig, which helps to align and drill dowel holes in the ends or edges of a board. Standard drill press tables are too small for this, but a dowel jig makes this process much easier and faster.


When working with jigs, it’s important to take safety measures. These include a range of personal protection equipment.

The first safety measure is to wear the appropriate PPE. This includes eyewear, ear protection, and respiratory masks.

Jigs are great tools for making cutting procedures safer. They keep hands out of the line of the blade and can also push material into the cutting area.

Another important safety measure is to work against the cutter instead of feeding it into it. This reduces the chances of kickback, which is the leading cause of serious woodworking injuries.

It’s also a good idea to make sure power is shut off and the tool is unplugged before removing or changing accessories. This helps to prevent accidents from occurring when people are in a hurry.


Jigs are a great way to make your woodworking projects more efficient and accurate. They hold and guide tools in precise positions, making it possible to repeat a cut, angle, or hole repeatedly without errors.

Using a jig can save you time and money by eliminating sloppy or inaccurate cuts, and simplifying repetition of a particular step. However, a good jig should be set up properly and tested before use to ensure its efficiency.

A jig is typically a stationary piece of wood that holds materials for the cutting or drilling process, usually with clamps or vises to secure it in place. It can be used on the table saw or in a portable manner, depending on the task.

There are a variety of woodworking jigs available, including box joint and dovetail jigs. These can be purchased prefabricated from a retailer, or you can build them yourself.