If you’re planning to plant roses in pots, you need to make sure they’re planted properly. Here are some tips to help you do so.
First, choose a container that will accommodate the rose’s root ball and provide room for growth. Then, choose a pot that’s deep enough to allow the roots to spread out and get comfortable in hot weather.
Choose the Right Soil
Roses love rich, loamy soil that drains well. Avoid soil that drains too slowly, which could promote root rot. The best potting soil will have ingredients like peat moss, perlite, and coir that let air reach roots while keeping the nutrient levels high enough to support blooming.
Soil pH is another important factor when planting roses in containers. If you’re unsure, test the soil in the area before planting.
Potting soil should contain the nutrients that roses need, including nitrogen and phosphate. It can also be amended with compost or other elements such as clay or coir, which is made from coconut husks.
Whether you’re growing miniature roses or shrub roses, it’s a good idea to choose a pot with a drainage hole. Depending on the size of your rose, you may need a container that’s 18 inches deep or larger. Water carefully and check daily to make sure the soil is moist. If you live in a dry climate, mulch around the base of your pots to help retain moisture.
Dig the Hole
To plant roses in pots, begin by digging a hole wide enough and deep enough for the root ball. For most types of roses, it should be twice as large as the container the rose came in and at least a foot deep.
Use a spade or shovel to break up the soil at the base of the hole. This breaks up the compacted soil so that the roots have room to spread out and develop.
Once you’ve dug the hole, mix equal parts of Miracle-Gro(r) Garden Soil for Roses (or the equivalent Miracle-Gro(r) Potting Mix for containers) with soil removed from the planting hole.
Center the main cane of the rose on a mound of this soil mixture, then spread the roots out evenly over the mound. For grafted roses, mound soil over the bud union to provide insulation for this vulnerable area.
Then, fill the hole half way with the soil mixture, and water well. Repeat the process until all the rose is planted.
Fill the Pot
The pot must be large enough to hold the rose root ball and have plenty of room for growth. Small miniature roses and polyantha roses can be planted in 5 gallon containers, while larger shrub roses (up to 5 feet high) and climbers will require 20 to 30 gallon pots.
The soil mix should be rich and well-drained, but not so heavy that it suffocates the rose roots. Use a quality soilless potting mix, adding perlite or compost for extra nutrients.
Remove the rose from its nursery container and position it in the pot, ensuring that the graft union is just below the soil surface. Fill in around the roots with prepared soil, tamping as you go.
Water the pot carefully to allow the soil mixture to settle and then water again until the entire root mass is moist. Apply a layer of organic mulch over the planting area to retain soil moisture and help prevent weeds from growing in your roses.
Place the Rose
Roses are an excellent choice for containers, providing a beautiful focal point in patios, balconies, stairways, decks, or entryways. They also work well in indoor settings as long as they receive six hours of direct sun a day.
To get the best results, choose a tall pot with good drainage and a sturdy base. Clay or terra cotta pots are heavy and heat up quickly, but lightweight plastic or resin containers may be just as effective.
Start by partially filling the pot with a mixture of compost and potting mix. Press down lightly with your hands as you go to avoid air pockets. You should stop when you have filled the pot about halfway. Next, place your rose in the pot so that the bud graft is below the soil, but not the top rim. Once the bud graft is buried, finish filling the pot with a finely crafted mixture of multi-purpose potting soil and compost.