Whether you’re planting seeds indoors or transplanting them directly into the garden, there are several tips to keep in mind when growing beans. By following these, you’ll be well on your way to a successful harvest.
Beans are sun-loving plants that require lots of sunlight and rich soil to thrive. Use mulch to conserve soil moisture and avoid hot, dry conditions that can cause blossoms to drop and seed pods to fail.
Soil is a vital part of growing a healthy crop. Whether it’s a simple potting mix or full garden soil, the right kind of soil can make all the difference in how your beans grow and blossom.
Beans thrive in slightly acidic soil with a pH range of about 6.0 to 6.5. Your soil should be well-drained and not too compacted or heavy to prevent root rot.
If your soil is too acidic or alkaline, amend it with lime (to neutralize acidity) or sulfur (to correct alkalinity). Soil test kits are available at your local gardening store or university extension office.
A good potting soil should have a mixture of different types of soil and added fertilizers to improve the health of your bean plants. This potting soil usually contains various soils and compost to improve drainage, as well as nitrogen-rich fertilizers that help your beans establish strong roots, healthy foliage and a bountiful harvest.
Sunlight is vital for plants, and it helps them produce the food they need to thrive. Without sunlight, a plant’s photosynthesis can’t occur.
Beans need sunlight to grow properly, but they also require warm soil temperatures and plenty of water. Germination is a crucial step in the growth process, and most beans require a soil temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher to germinate well.
As you plant, make sure to keep your soil rich and moist by soaking it weekly or by improving it with compost or a layer of well-rotted manure the autumn before planting. The extra nutrients promote healthy, strong plants that can withstand droughts and hot weather.
Beans need eight to 10 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimum growth and production. If they get less, their blossoms may drop or leaves can turn yellow.
Bean plants need lots of water to produce large, delicious pods. To keep your beans growing strong and healthy, be sure to give them the right amount of water each day.
Plant beans in well-drained soil that is rich in nutrients and composted organic matter, but avoid heavy sandy soil. Mulching can help preserve moisture in the soil and keep weeds at bay.
Water your plants regularly, using a soaker hose or drip irrigation to provide supplemental watering. Avoid overwatering, as it can cause the soil to rot and create powdery mildew on the leaves.
To determine whether your plants need more water, stick your finger about 1 inch into the soil near the base of the plant. If the soil feels dry, water immediately.
You’ll also want to watch for small pests such as aphids, which are often a problem with green bean plants. Knock off any aphids with a stream of water or hand-pick them if you see them.
When it comes to fertilization, you need to know your beans’ needs. The right nutrients can make a difference between a healthy bean plant and one that produces less than desirable results.
Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plants to grow strong, vigorous roots that are capable of supporting the growth of leaves and flowers. Therefore, it is important to use a high-quality fertilizer that contains nitrogen.
Phosphorus is also an important nutrient for growing beans. This helps develop a vigorous root system and boosts the development of flowers and pods.
There are several options available for fertilizing beans, including a spray-on fertilizer or organic fertilizers such as chicken manure. Both are effective, but you should use them responsibly.