Gardening is a fun and rewarding way to enjoy fresh produce and connect with nature. However, gardening is also a learn-as-you-go craft that requires patience and trial and error.
Luckily, there are some simple tips for new gardeners to avoid making common mistakes. These tips will help you get off to a great start and enjoy your gardening experience!
1. Know Your Plants
The more you know about the plants you have and the ones you want to plant, the better able you will be to care for them. A little knowledge goes a long way, and can help you avoid costly mistakes and pests.
For example, watering is an important skill for any gardener, but not all plants need the same amount of water at all times. Keeping a watering schedule can help you avoid overwatering or drowning plants (which can lead to disease).
There are many smart plant apps available that can identify your plants and tell you what they need. These can also help you set up a reminder for watering, fertilizing, misting, and cleaning your plants.
2. Know Your Soil
Soil is the foundation of a garden and determines how well plants grow. It provides the minerals, water and air a plant needs to thrive.
Soils are made up of mineral particles derived from rock that has been broken down over thousands of years by climate, water, animals and a variety of other conditions. Soil types include sandy, silty and clay-based soils.
There are many things a gardener can do to improve the quality of soil. But before doing anything, it is important to understand the nature of your soil type.
3. Know Your Watering Schedule
Watering is one of the most important things you can do for your plants. But knowing when to water can be tricky.
The best time to water is early in the morning, or late at night when the soil is cooler. This gives the plants a chance to absorb the water before it evaporates too quickly.
Newly planted vegetables and perennials will need more water than mature plants that have been in the ground for a while. This is because new plants develop a lot of roots that can suck up more water than older, established plants.
4. Know Your Sunlight
Sunlight is a natural and essential part of life, from keeping you warm to promoting the growth of plants and crops. But sunlight can also be harmful to your skin and can lead to cancer.
Knowing your garden’s sun exposure is important for planting the right plants and growing healthy gardens. You can do this by observing specific areas of your garden at one- to two-hour intervals throughout the day.
A sun map is an easy way to identify the sunny and shady spots in your garden, and it’s free! To make a sun map, sketch out your garden area on a piece of paper and assign each section a category.
5. Know Your Weeds
Weeds are the intruders that eat away at your garden plot and choke out your favorite vegetables, grasses and other plants. Some are aggressive and outcompete cultivated crops; others are allelopathic and inhibit the growth, reproduction and survival of other plants.
Understanding your weeds is crucial for your gardening success. This knowledge can help you identify them and get them under control sooner so you can enjoy your beautiful garden more fully.
6. Enjoy Your Garden
If you want to garden successfully, it’s essential that you know your plants. This will help you to avoid common mistakes like planting too much or introducing diseases and pests to your garden.
You’ll also want to know your weeds, and how to control them. This will ensure that your garden is a success, and will give you plenty of time to enjoy it!
A garden provides you with the opportunity to eat fresh, healthy fruits and vegetables that are a good source of fiber, vitamins and minerals. It can also reduce your risk of certain cancers, heart disease and stroke. It also gives you the chance to exercise outdoors, which can improve your health and mood.