If you want your flowering plants to thrive, it’s important to take a few steps to ensure that they grow properly. These tips can help your flowers get off to a great start and make them easier to maintain later on.
It’s also a good idea to trim off the ends of your stems before placing them in water, and then again every time you change the water. This will help to expose fresh tissue that absorbs water much more efficiently.
Watering deeply encourages plants to grow their roots deeper into the soil, which enables them to survive hot and dry conditions. This makes them stronger and healthier, and more resistant to diseases and insects.
It also reduces water waste, improves soil health, and promotes microbial activity, all of which benefit the overall health of your garden. In areas where water restrictions are in place, deep watering can be an effective way to conserve resources.
In general, a healthy plant’s root system should be at least eight inches deep for optimal nutrient and moisture uptake. You can check this depth by inserting a soil probe, screwdriver, or garden trowel into the soil and feeling the consistency at that level.
Frequent, shallow watering often encourages plants to produce surface roots that can’t survive the heat and dry conditions that we tend to experience in summer. This is why many common annual flowers and vegetables like petunias, marigolds, and tomatoes have shallow roots compared to more permanent flowering plants such as redwoods, magnolias, and birches.
In order to grow properly and keep healthy, all plants need a certain number of essential nutrients. These include nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous (also called macronutrients).
Nitrogen is important for foliage growth, while phosphorus helps stimulate stronger bud, fruit and flower development. Adding fertilizer at the right time can help your plants get the nutrients they need to thrive and produce beautiful flowers.
The best time to apply fertilizer is in the spring, when deciduous plants leaf out and flowering plants start growing new roots. But in some zones, it’s also a good idea to wait until the last frost date has passed to avoid harming tender new growth.
Vegetables, roses and hydrangeas can all benefit from a regular application of fertilizer during the growing season. A slow-release granular can be incorporated at planting time for extended nutrient release. Side dressing with calcium nitrate during the first and third bloom set can also be helpful.
Keep the Soil Moisturized
Moist soil is one of the key factors in maintaining healthy plants. It ensures easy nutrient exchange, regulates temperature and helps in plant development.
When soil dries out, it becomes difficult for nutrients to be absorbed and makes the roots grow poorly. Moisture is also vital for controlling evaporation and minimizing water runoff.
Soil moisture is dependent on the type of soil. Soil that is sandy and loose drains quickly, whereas soil that is rich in organic matter, such as loam, retains moisture longer.
You can test the soil’s moisture level by digging a shallow slice into the ground. The slice should be dark if it’s moist and light if it’s dry.
Keep the Plants Clean
One of the most important ways to keep your flowering plants looking their best is to make sure that they’re clean. Just like all of the surfaces in your home, houseplants accumulate dust and dirt that needs to be removed regularly.
1.) Dirt clogs up the pores on plant leaves, which in turn prevents transpiration and photosynthesis – two essential processes for the plants to thrive.
2.) A build-up of dust also makes it easier for pests to find a home and infest your houseplants.
3.) Cleaning your plants’ leaves is also an excellent way to spruce up the aesthetics of your home.
Most plants are easy to clean by simply wiping them down with a damp cloth. However, some ferns and succulents have very delicate leaves that require different techniques to get them clean.