If you are new to growing mango trees, or haven’t planted them for a while, there are a few things you need to know. This article will give you a few tips you can follow to ensure your plants are healthy and happy.
Whether you have a fruit tree or a flowering shrub, you need to know how to prune it. Pruning is not only for aesthetics, but it also helps your plant grow healthy.
Mango tree pruning is a good way to get rid of dead branches and make your tree more manageable. It is also a good idea to keep a close eye on the health of your plants and inspect them regularly for disease and pests.
The best time to prune is right after the first harvest. This gives your mango tree the best opportunity to recover. You can also remove side branches from nearby trees.
A mango tree is a heavy feeder, and it needs proper fertilizing in order to grow and produce a healthy fruit. Mango trees require a variety of nutrients, including nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. To get the best results from fertilizing, you should follow the right application and frequency.
Young mango trees should receive no more than one pound of fertilizer per month. The tree will not be able to absorb the nutrients from the fertilizer if it is over fed.
A mature mango tree can take up to three pounds of fertilizer each year. You can choose to use a liquid or granular fertilizer. Using a liquid can save you time, as the fertilizer will not need dilution. It will also filter into the soil without watering.
Maintaining an open canopy
Having an open canopy in mango trees promotes better air flow and more sunlight to reach parts of the tree. In addition, it helps keep pests and diseases at bay.
It also allows the plant to retain more water. Once the canopy is established, it is easy to maintain. Water the tree regularly during dry spells.
A mango tree is best grown in soil that is free of weeds and other pests. If possible, use a fertilizer that contains nitrogen and potassium. This will help promote healthy foliage and fruit production.
The fruits of mango trees can be a rich source of flavor and nutrients. However, they can be susceptible to fungal diseases. They are also prone to infestations by scale insects and mealy bugs. These bugs suck sap from tender shoots. Using an insecticide spray like Defender(tm) Pyrthrum Insect Spray can eliminate these insects and prevent damage to the tree.
Anthracnose, also known as blossom blight, is a disease affecting the fruit, stems, and leaves of the mango tree. It is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum spp. Symptoms include black spots, leaf die-off, and fruit staining. The disease is spread by rain and wind, causing a serious damage to trees and flowers.
To prevent anthracnose, you must spray each tree carefully and thoroughly. You must also wear protective clothing. A long shirt, closed toe shoes, and protective eyewear are necessary.
The first signs of anthracnose are tiny irregular spots on the leaves. As the spots mature, they expand to cover the entire leaf. They may look like an orange, red, or salmon color. When anthracnose is left untreated, it can spread throughout the entire plant and cause severe damage.
Watering on a wet/dry cycle
One of the best ways to grow a healthy mango tree is to water it on a wet/dry cycle. This allows for adequate moisture without having the soil get too dry.
Mango trees also need pruning to control their size. Pruning should be done twice a year in the spring and summer. To do this, remove the lower leaves and fruit. Make sure to leave drainage holes.
A watering can or soaker hose can be used to water the root system. Make sure to turn it on at a low setting to ensure no excessive runoff occurs.
Using organic mulch can also help keep the soil from drying out. You can purchase metal-coated mulch mixes from a garden center.
Growing in a conservatory or greenhouse
If you have a conservatory, you might want to consider growing mango trees inside. This plant is native to southern Asia and can thrive in the right conditions. It makes a great foliage plant and also produces beautiful flowers.
You should be able to keep mango trees in your conservatory or greenhouse year round, provided you have sufficient air circulation. When the temperature drops, you may have to shift your fruit tree to a warmer room.
There are many varieties of mango to choose from. These include the ‘Alphonso’, the sweetest variety in India. They can grow up to a height of around fifteen feet.